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自我实现的19个品格

[ 来源: | 作者:宝鸡市开智英语学校 | 发布时间:2012-06-13 | 浏览:164次 ]

马斯洛通过研究16个典型的自我实现型人物,如林肯,爱因斯坦,得出了19个自我实现的品格。读了后很有些启迪,这里选了15个品格,与大家分享:

clear perception of reality (including a heightened ability to detect falseness and be a good judge of character).
acceptance (of themselves and things as they are).

spontaneity (a rich, unconventional inner life with a child-like ability
to constantly see the world anew and appreciate beauty in the mundane).
problem-centeredness (focus on questions or challenges outside
themselves—a sense of mission or purpose—resulting in an absence of pettiness, introspection, and ego games).
solitude seeking (enjoyed for its own sake, solitude also brings
serenity and detachment from misfortune/crisis, and allows for independence of thought and decision).

autonomy (independence of the good opinion of other people, more interest in inner satisfaction than status or rewards).
peak or mystical experiences (experiences when time seems to stand
still).
human kinship (a genuine love for, and desire to help, all people).

humility and respect (belief that we can learn from anyone, and that
even the worst person has redeeming features).
ethics (clear, if not conventional, notions of right and wrong).

sense of humor (not amused by jokes that hurt or imply inferiority,
but humor that highlights the foolishness of human beings in general).
creativity (not the mozart type of genius that is inborn, but in all
that is done, said, or acted).
resistance to enculturation (ability to see beyond the confines of culture
and era).

imperfections (all the guilt, anxiety, self-blame, jealousy, and so on that regular people experience, but these do not stem from neurosis).

values (based on a positive view of the world; the universe is not seen as a jungle but an essentially abundant place, providing whatever we need to be able to make our contribution).